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Residence Permit and Work PermitTurkish Residence Permit Application: Turkish Lawyer Guide

Turkish Residence Permit Application is an official authorization for an individual to live in the country for over three months within half a year 1 2 3 4. It is generally issued to people intending to stay in Turkey for extended periods, whether for work, study, or settlement purposes 1 2 3 4.

With a Turkish residence permit, you can enjoy most of the perks that Turkish citizens do, such as living, studying, marrying, getting a tax number, opening a bank account, converting to a Turkish driver’s license, purchasing property, investing in any sector, and more 1 2 3 4. This article provides a comprehensive guide on how to successfully apply for a Turkish residence permit, including eligibility criteria, the step-by-step application process, required documents, and maintaining and renewing your permit, while also discussing restricted neighborhoods to foreigners in Istanbul.

Table of Contents

Eligibility Criteria for Applying for a Residence Permit in Turkey

According to Turkish law, tourists can stay up to 90 days without a residence permit 5. However, a Residence Permit in Turkey is required for anyone intending to stay in the country for over three months within half a year 1. There are certain exemptions from acquiring a residence permit, such as:

  • Holders of a Registration Certificate for international protection application 1
  • Those with an exemption from a residence permit pursuant to multilateral or reciprocal conventions 1
  • Diplomacy or consulate officers, employees of representative offices of international establishments, and individuals with specific identity card tags 1
  • Those with a valid work permit 1

The Turkish Residence Permit is generally issued to people intending to stay in Turkey for an extended duration, either for work, study, or settlement purposes 1. Receiving a residence permit means you can enjoy most of the perks that Turkish citizens do, such as living, studying, marrying, getting a tax number, opening a bank account, converting to a Turkish drivers’ license, purchasing property, investing in any sector, and more 1.

There are six different types of residence permits available in Turkey 1:

  1. Short-term Residence Permit: Applicable for scientific research, establishing commercial links/business, attending in-service training programs, educational or any purpose that comes within the framework of student exchange programs, tourism, receiving medical treatment, attending Turkish learning courses, and being a citizen of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus 1. Foreigners can be eligible for a short-term residence permit if they buy real estate, establish a business, or plan to make business connections in Turkey 2. The Turkish government issues short-term residence permits for a maximum of two years 2. If a foreigner demonstrates an interest in investing in Turkey subject to conditions laid out by the Council of Ministers, they and their spouse and children may obtain a five-year short-term residence permit 2.
  2. Family Residence Permit: Granted to the foreign spouse of a Turkish citizen/national, their minor children and their dependent foreign child (if any) 1.
  3. Student Residence Permit: For those enrolling in an educational institute, either for primary or secondary education, or for associate, bachelor’s, master’s degrees, doctorate, speciality training in medicine or dentistry, or an equivalent program in a higher education institute in the Republic of Turkey 1.
  4. Long-term Residence Permit: Eligible for those who lived in Turkey for at least 8 years without any interruption under an officially issued residence permit 1. Foreigners can apply for a long-term residence permit if they have continuously resided in Turkey for at least eight years 6.
  5. Humanitarian Residence Permit: For those living in Turkey without a valid residence permit or a visa, waiting for deportation, or people unable to return to their home country due to emergency reasons 1.
  6. Residence Permit for the victims of human trafficking: For those who have been a victim of human trafficking and are residing in Turkey 1.

To apply for a Residence Permit in Turkey, you must apply within one month of arrival in Turkey, complete an online application form, and visit the Central Appointment System website to book an appointment with the nearest Directorate General of Migration Management office 1. You will need to provide necessary documents, including the Turkish Residence permit application form, at least 4 biometric photographs, your original passport, a notarized copy of your passport or any equivalent travel document, proof of sustainable/sufficient financial resources, and health insurance (if required) 1.

For a short-term Turkish residence permit application, you must submit the following documents to the relevant Provincial Directorate of Migration Management 2:

  • Turkish esidence permit application form
  • Photocopy of passport or equivalent travel document
  • Four biometric photographs
  • Proof of sufficient income or sustainable financial resources for the duration of the stay
  • Documents/receipts for the payment of the residence permit fee and card fee
  • Title deed proving ownership of immovable property in Turkey
  • Valid health insurance

For a long-term residence permit application, you must submit the following documents to the relevant Provincial Directorate of Migration Management 6:

  • Residence permit application form
  • Original and photocopy of passport or equivalent travel document
  • Photocopy of the previous residence permit document
  • Four biometric photographs
  • Proof that the applicant has not received any social aid from governmental institutions and organizations in the last three years
  • Bank account proof of financial sufficiency and regular means of subsistence for the duration of the stay
  • Police record document
  • Valid medical insurance

It is important to note that all legal applications for residence permits in Turkey go through the Ministry of Interior Directorate General of Migration Management website. The process can be complicated, and it is recommended to seek professional legal help from experienced English-speaking lawyers in Istanbul who specialize in residence permit applications. The team of English and Turkish-speaking attorneys at Istanbul Law Office has an excellent record of service in assisting clients with their residence permit needs, even without the client needing to come to Turkey.

What is the difference between a short-term and long-term residence permit in Turkey?

A short-term residence permit is issued for a maximum of two years and is applicable for various purposes such as scientific research, business, education, tourism, and medical treatment 1 2. A long-term residence permit, on the other hand, is eligible for those who have continuously resided in Turkey for at least eight years under an officially issued residence permit 1 6.

Can I apply for a residence permit without coming to Turkey?

While the Turkish residence permit application process typically requires an in-person appointment at the nearest Directorate General of Migration Management office in Turkey 1, the experienced team of attorneys at Istanbul Law Office can assist clients with their residence permit needs without the client needing to come to Turkey.

What documents are required for a residence permit application in Turkey?

The required documents may vary depending on the type of residence permit, but generally include the residence permit application form, passport or equivalent travel document, biometric photographs, proof of sufficient financial resources, and valid health insurance 1 2 6. It is best to consult with a professional legal service provider to ensure all necessary documents are prepared for a successful application.

Restricted Neighborhoods to Foreigners in İstanbul

Restricted Neighborhoods to Foreigners in İstanbul

The Turkish government has implemented restrictions on residence permit applications in certain neighborhoods and districts in Istanbul, primarily due to the high concentration of foreign residents 7. These measures aim to maintain a balance between local and foreign populations within specific areas 7. As of July 1, 2022, the number of closed neighborhoods has increased to 1169 7.

  • Küçükçekmece, Başakşehir, Bağcılar, Avcılar, Bahçelievler, Sultangazi, Esenler, and Zeytinburnu districts in Istanbul are closed for all Turkish residence permit applications 7.
  • The Turkish government has imposed restrictions on neighborhoods where the foreign population exceeds 20% of the total residents 7.
  • In these areas, new Turkish residence permit applications are denied, and rental contracts will not be accepted as part of the application process 7.
  • Foreigners planning to apply for a residence permit in Turkey must be aware of these restrictions and consider them when looking for accommodation 7.

The Department of Immigrants in Turkey has announced an increase in the number of prohibited areas for residence in Istanbul, reaching 54 neighborhoods 8. The prohibited areas include:

  • Avcılar, Bahçelievler, Başakşehir, Beşiktaş, Beylikdüzü, Beyoğlu, Esenyurt, Fatih, Küçükçekmece, Sarıyer, Şile, Şişli, Tuzla, Ümraniye, and Zeytinburnu 8.

The Turkish government has published two lists of restricted neighborhoods: one on the immigration website and another on the Ministry of Interior’s website 9. However, foreigners can still obtain Turkish Citizenship by purchasing properties in specific districts, even in restricted areas 10.

The new rules for foreigner settlement restrictions in Turkey in 2023 include a 25% rule, limiting the number of foreign nationals in any given region to a maximum of 25% of the overall population 11. This rule does not apply to foreign homeowners but to those staying in Turkey as tourists and living under refugee status 12.

It is important to note that as of 14 July 2023, Istanbul is closed to residence permits 13. Ten districts of Istanbul were closed to residence permits as of 7 October 2022 13, and 20% crowded neighborhoods with more than 1200 neighborhoods were closed to foreigners as of 11 June 2022 13. Furthermore, an announcement for applications lodged after 10 Feb 2022 in Istanbul stated that 781 areas of home address do not qualify for a residence permit in Istanbul address 13.

Foreigners seeking to apply for a residence permit in Turkey should consult with experienced English-speaking lawyers in Istanbul who specialize in residence permit applications. The team of English and Turkish-speaking attorneys at Istanbul Law Office has an excellent record of service in assisting clients with their residence permit needs, even without the client needing to come to Turkey.

Can I still obtain a residence permit in Istanbul despite the restrictions?

While Istanbul is closed to residence permits as of 14 July 2023 13, it is best to consult with experienced attorneys who can guide you through the process and help you understand the current restrictions and possible options.

Do the foreigner settlement restrictions apply to foreign homeowners in Turkey?

The 25% rule, limiting the number of foreign nationals in any given region to a maximum of 25% of the overall population, does not apply to foreign homeowners but to those staying in Turkey as tourists and living under refugee status 12.

Step-by-Step Guide to the Application Process

  • Determine the appropriate type of residence permit based on your situation, such as tourist, student, work, or family residence permits 17 2 4 16 15 1 3 14. Different types of e-ikamet (residence permits) are available, including Short-Term e-ikamet, Student e-ikamet, Family e-ikamet, and Permanent Residence (transfer) 18.
  • Prepare all required documents, which typically include a valid passport, visa application form, biometric photographs, proof of accommodation in Turkey, proof of financial means, and any additional documents specific to your residence permit type 17 2 4 16 15 1 3 14.
  • Create an account on the official e-ikamet website and complete the online application form with accurate information. Upload the required documents in the specified formats 17 2 4 16 15 1 3 14. Foreigners must lodge their residence permit application in the Turkish Government Online Migration System 13.
  • After submitting your online application, pay the Turkish Residence Permit Application fee, which varies depending on the type and duration of the permit 17 2 4 16 15 1 3 14.
  • Attend an appointment at the Provincial Directorate of Migration Management (PDMM) with all original documents for verification. You may also need to provide additional information or undergo an interview 17 2 4 16 15 1 3 14. Failure to attend the GÖÇ İDARESİ appointment or canceling an active application in the system before exit can result in a visa violation and a 5-year entry ban to Turkey 13.
  • If your Turkish Residence Permit Application is approved, you will receive a residence permit card, which will be sent to your registered address in Turkey via mail 17 2 4 16 15 1 3 14.
  • Ensure to renew your permit before it expires, following a similar procedure with updated documents and renewal fees 17 2 4 16 15 1 3 14.

It is important to note that all legal applications for residence permits in Turkey go through the Ministry of Interior Directorate General of Migration Management website. The process can be complicated, and it is recommended to seek professional legal help from experienced English-speaking lawyers in Istanbul who specialize in residence permit applications. The team of English and Turkish-speaking attorneys at Istanbul Law Office has an excellent record of service in assisting clients with their residence permit needs, even without the client needing to come to Turkey.

What happens if I fail to attend the GÖÇ İDARESİ appointment or cancel my active application before exit?

Failure to attend the GÖÇ İDARESİ appointment or canceling an active application in the system before exit can result in a visa violation and a 5-year entry ban to Turkey 13. Additionally, unpaid fines at exit will also result in a 5-year entry ban to Turkey 13.

Can Istanbul Law Office assist me with my residence permit application without me coming to Turkey?

Yes, the experienced team of English and Turkish-speaking attorneys at Istanbul Law Office has an excellent record of service in assisting clients with their residence permit needs, even without the client needing to come to Turkey. They can help you navigate the complicated process and ensure a successful Turkish Residence Permit Application.

Required Documents for a Successful Turkish Residence Permit Application

The required documents for a successful Turkish residence permit application vary depending on the type of permit you are applying for 17. Generally, you will need to provide the following:

  • Application form 17
  • Four biometric photographs 17
  • Original passport and a notarized copy of the passport or travel document 17
  • Proof of sufficient and sustainable financial resources (minimum €500 per month or proof of monthly income) 17
  • Health insurance 17

Additional documents may be required based on the specific type of residence permit:

  1. Short-term residence permit: No additional documents 17
  2. Family residence permit: Marriage certificate or birth certificate (for children) 17
  3. Student residence permit: Acceptance letter from a Turkish educational institution 17
  4. Long-term residence permit: Documents proving eight years of uninterrupted residence in Turkey 17
  5. Humanitarian residence permit: Documents explaining the humanitarian reasons for the permit 17
  6. Residence permit for victims of human trafficking: Documents proving the status as a victim of human trafficking 17

It is important to note that all legal applications for residence permits in Turkey go through the Ministry of Interior Directorate General of Migration Management website. The process can be complicated, and it is recommended to seek professional legal help from experienced English-speaking lawyers in Istanbul who specialize in residence permit applications. The team of English and Turkish-speaking attorneys at Istanbul Law Office has an excellent record of service in assisting clients with their residence permit needs, even without the client needing to come to Turkey.

Can I apply for a residence permit without coming to Turkey?

While the application process typically requires an in-person appointment at the nearest Directorate General of Migration Management office in Turkey 1, the experienced team of attorneys at Istanbul Law Office can assist clients with their residence permit needs without the client needing to come to Turkey.

What happens if I don’t have all the required documents for my residence permit application?

Incomplete applications or missing documents can lead to delays or rejection of your residence permit application. It is crucial to ensure that you have all the necessary documents before submitting your application. Consulting with professional residence permit application lawyers in Istanbul can help you prepare a complete and accurate Turkish Residence Permit application, increasing your chances of success.

Maintaining and Renewing Your Residence Permit

To maintain and renew your Turkish residence permit, it is crucial to adhere to all immigration regulations, have a valid reason for prolonged stay, and fulfill the original permit category’s criteria 21. Begin the renewal process 60 days before the current permit expires 21 and gather necessary documents, including a valid passport, application form, biometric photographs, proof of address, and financial means 21.

  • Submit the renewal application online through the e-ikamet system 21.
  • Pay the renewal fees online after submitting the application 21.
  • Attend an appointment at the Provincial Directorate of Migration Management (PDMM) if required, bringing all original documents for verification 21.
  • The renewed permit will be sent to your registered address in Turkey via mail 21.
  • Maintain compliance with regulations and conditions associated with your renewed residence permit 21.

It is important to note that renewing a Turkish residence permit does not require purchasing property 22. Common requirements for renewing a temporary residence permit include proof of financial means, valid health insurance, a clear criminal record, and documentation supporting the reason for your stay 22. The renewal process for a Turkish residence permit may take approximately 6 hours, involve visiting 5 government buildings, and cost around 1200TL 23. Applications for extension should be submitted 60 days prior to the expiration of the work permit 19.

Seeking Professional Legal Assistance

All legal applications for residence permits in Turkey go through the Ministry of Interior Directorate General of Migration Management website. The process can be complicated, and it is recommended to seek professional legal help from experienced English-speaking lawyers in Istanbul who specialize in residence permit applications. The English and Turkish-speaking team of attorneys at Istanbul Law Office has an excellent record of service in assisting clients with their residence permit needs, even without the client needing to come to Turkey.

How long before the expiration of my current residence permit should I apply for renewal?

It is recommended to begin the renewal process 60 days before the current permit expires 21. This allows sufficient time for gathering necessary documents and completing the application process.

Do I need to purchase property in Turkey to renew my residence permit?

No, renewing a Turkish residence permit does not require purchasing property 22. However, you must provide proof of financial means, valid health insurance, a clear criminal record, and documentation supporting the reason for your stay 22.

How to Make Your Turkish Residence Permit Application

There are three types of work permits available in Turkey: Temporary, Permanent, and Independent 19. The Temporary Work Permit is granted for a maximum of one year and allows foreigners to work in a specific workplace 19, while the Permanent Work Permit grants the same rights as Turkish citizens, without prejudice to their acquired rights concerning social security 19. The Independent Work Permit is granted to foreigners in professional occupations for a limited period of time 19.

To apply for a work permit, the following steps must be taken:

  1. Obtain a residence permit for at least six months 19.
  2. The employer in Turkey must submit an online application at the website of the Turkish Ministry of Labor and Social Security (MLSS) within ten days after the employee’s visa appointment 20.
  3. The ministry takes a maximum of thirty days to come up with a decision 20.
  4. After getting a Turkish work visa, the employee has a maximum of one hundred and eighty days to enter Turkey 20.

It is important to note that all world citizens, excluding those from the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, need a work visa and a work permit to be able to work in Turkey 20. Foreigners wishing to enter Turkey should carry a travel document (passport) with an expiration date at least 60 days beyond the “duration of stay” of their visa, e-Visa, visa exemption, or residence permit 24.

Seeking Professional Legal Assistance

Istanbul Law Office specializes in facilitating Residence Permit and Work Permit applications in Turkey, providing comprehensive guidance on the application process, requirements, and types of work permits available 25. The English and Turkish-speaking team of attorneys at Istanbul Law Office has an excellent record of service in assisting clients with their work permit needs, even without the client needing to come to Turkey. It is highly recommended to seek professional legal help from experienced English-speaking lawyers in Istanbul who specialize in work permit applications, as the process can be complicated.

What is the difference between a Temporary and Permanent Work Permit in Turkey?

A Temporary Work Permit is granted for a maximum of one year and allows foreigners to work in a specific workplace 19, while a Permanent Work Permit grants the same rights as Turkish citizens, without prejudice to their acquired rights concerning social security 19.

Can I apply for a work permit without a residence permit?

No, the application process for a work permit requires a residence permit for at least six months 19.

Contact Istanbul Law Office for Your Residence Permit Applications

Istanbul Law Office is an international law firm located in Istanbul, offering legal advisory and representation services in corporate law, business law, immigration law, and property law 26. The firm provides a comprehensive range of services, including the preparation of various contracts and documents, the establishment and assessment of legal frameworks for businesses, the supervision of mediation and reconciliation proceedings, and the oversight of administrative and criminal investigations 26. The team of English-speaking lawyers in Istanbul is dedicated to serving the best interests of their clients 26.

The English and Turkish-speaking team of attorneys at Istanbul Law Office offers personalized solutions tailored to clients’ specific circumstances 25. Client satisfaction is a priority for Istanbul Law Office 25. They provide comprehensive guidance on Turkish laws and regulations, ensuring a smoother and more efficient legal process 25. The firm assists with legal matters related to residing in Turkey, making the legal journey as seamless as possible 25.

All legal applications for residence permits in Turkey go through the Ministry of Interior Directorate General of Migration Management website. The process can be complicated, and it is recommended to seek professional legal help from experienced residence permit application lawyers in Istanbul. At Istanbul Law Office, we have the team to provide this legal service with an excellent record of service. Our English and Turkish-speaking team can assist clients with their residence permit needs, even without the client needing to come to Turkey.

How can Istanbul Law Office help with my Turkish residence permit application?

Istanbul Law Office provides comprehensive guidance on Turkish laws and regulations, ensuring a smoother and more efficient legal process 25. The team of English-speaking lawyers offers personalized solutions tailored to clients’ specific circumstances and assists with legal matters related to residing in Turkey 25.

Do I need to come to Turkey to apply for a residence permit with Istanbul Law Office?

No, the English and Turkish-speaking team of attorneys at Istanbul Law Office can assist clients with their residence permit needs, even without the client needing to come to Turkey. They provide comprehensive legal services to ensure a seamless process for clients.

What are the contact details for Istanbul Law Office?

  • Address: Ayazağa Mah. Azerbaycan Cad. No:3K, İç Kapı No:13, 2B Ofis, Kat:2, Sarıyer/İstanbul
  • Phone number: +90 531 252 55 51
  • Email: info@istanbullawoffice.com 25

You can also visit their contact page for more information and to get in touch with their team of experienced attorneys.

FAQs

How do I apply for a Turkish residence permit?

To apply for a Turkish residence permit, you will need the following documents:

  • A completed residence permit application form.
  • Four biometric photos that meet Turkey’s specifications.
  • Your original passport.
  • A notarized copy of your passport or travel document.
  • Evidence that you have enough financial resources to support yourself for the duration of your stay.

What should I do if my residence permit application is rejected in Turkey?

If your residence permit application is rejected in Turkey, you are required to leave the country within the time frame given. Failure to do so will result in a deportation order. Additionally, you may encounter legal consequences as outlined in Turkish law for not complying with the order to leave.

How much financial means is required to obtain residency in Turkey?

To secure residency in Turkey, one of the most effective methods is to purchase real estate. If you buy property valued at a minimum of $75,000, and it is located outside of restricted zones, you can expedite the process of obtaining a Turkish residence permit.

What are the different types of residence permits available in Turkey?

In Turkey, there are six different types of residence permits, as regulated by Article 30 of the Law on Foreigners and International Protection. These permits are issued by the Directorate General Migration Management, which operates under the Turkish Ministry of Interior and has 250 offices across the country. Temporary residency is one of the permits provided.

References

[1] – https://evisa-to-turkey.com/turkey-residence-permit/ [2] – https://nomadcapitalist.com/global-citizen/how-to-get-turkish-residence/ [3] – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xy6Q038hZ8U [4] – https://residencepermitturkey.com/residence-permit-application [5] – https://www.zatari-lawfirm.com/en/home/services-residence-and-work-permit/ [6] – https://www.lawyer-turkey.com/obtain-residence-permit-in-turkey [7] – https://www.turkishcouncil.org/list-of-restricted-neighborhoods-for-residence-permit-applications-in-turkey/ [8] – https://www.mbany.com/en/blog/list-of-areas-of-istanbul-prohibited-from-granting-a-residence-permit [9] – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yoax0qm_FwM [10] – https://www.quora.com/Are-there-any-parts-or-neighborhoods-in-Ankara-and-%C4%B0stanbul-that-are-restricted-to-locals-but-open-to-foreigners-If-so-which-ones-and-how-is-this-information-known [11] – https://simplytr.com/foreigner-settlement-restrictions-in-turkey-in-2023/ [12] – https://ikamet.com/blog/25-rule-certain-neighborhoods-provinces-restricted-to-foreigner-settlement-in-turkey/ [13] – https://residencepermitturkey.com/new-rules-2018-about-ikamet-turkish-residence-permit [14] – https://residencies.io/residency/turkey/temporary-residency/tr5 [15] – https://www.residentturkey.com/navigating-the-turkey-residence-visa-step-by-step-process/ [16] – https://www.quora.com/How-long-did-it-take-your-residence-permit-to-come-when-it-got-into-the-printing-stage-in-Turkey [17] – https://visaguide.world/europe/turkey-visa/residence-permit/ [18] – https://residencepermitturkey.com/helpline-call-yimer-gov-tr-157-immigration-turkey-1 [19] – https://www.invest.gov.tr/en/investmentguide/pages/obtaining-a-work-permit.aspx [20] – https://visaguide.world/europe/turkey-visa/work/ [21] – https://www.residentturkey.com/renewing-your-turkey-residence-permit-step-by-step-process/ [22] – https://www.quora.com/Can-we-renew-a-Turkish-temporary-resident-permit-without-buying-a-property [23] – https://englishjobsturkey.com/residence-work-permits/a-guide-to-renewing-my-turkish-residence-permit/ [24] – https://www.mfa.gov.tr/general-information-about-turkish-visas.en.mfa [25] – https://istanbullawoffice.com/services/work-permit-and-residence-permit/ [26] – https://istanbullawoffice.com/ [27] – https://www.kurucuk.com.tr/ [28] – https://tr.usembassy.gov/u-s-citizen-services/attorneys/