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Residence Permit and Work PermitDifferent Types of Turkish Work Permits

Employment opportunities via Different Types of Turkish Work Permits for foreign nationals in Turkey are abundant. The nation, often referred to as the bridge between Europe and Asia, is a hub for tourism, commerce, and trade. This offers a plethora of job prospects for non-residents. However, to legally work in Turkey, a foreign national is required to obtain an authorized work visa and work permit. This article aims to provide a comprehensive guide on the different types of work permits available in Turkey, their application processes, and the legal considerations associated with them.

The Necessity of a Work Permit

A work permit is a legal document issued by the Ministry of Labor and Social Security, granting foreign nationals the right to work and reside in Turkey. Working in Turkey without a work permit is illegal, and violators face severe penalties. Therefore, it is crucial for any foreigner planning to work in Turkey to understand the different types of work permits and their requirements.

Types of Work Permits in Turkey

There are four main types of work permits in Turkey, each catering to different employment situations:

  1. Temporary Work Permit
  2. Permanent Work Permit
  3. Independent Work Permit
  4. Turquoise Card

Temporary Work Permit

A temporary work permit is generally the first step for foreign nationals seeking employment in Turkey. It is issued for a maximum period of one year at the initial application. The permit allows the foreigner to work in a specific workplace belonging to a real or legal person, or a public institution or organization, or in a specific position in their workplaces in the same line of business.

The permit can be extended for up to two years upon the first application and up to three years for subsequent extension applications, provided the foreigner continues to work under the same employer.

Permanent Work Permit

Foreigners with a long-term residence permit or a legal work permit for at least eight years can apply for a permanent work permit. The holders of a permanent work permit enjoy the same rights as Turkish citizens, without prejudice to their acquired rights concerning social security. However, having the requirements for application does not confer an absolute right on foreigners.

Independent Work Permit

An independent work permit is targeted towards foreigners in professional occupations who can meet the specific conditions stipulated in other laws. It’s granted for a limited period, allowing the foreigner to work in Turkey independently, rather than being tied to a specific employer.

Turquoise Card

The Turquoise Card is a special type of work permit for foreigners who can fulfill certain qualifications. It grants the right to work indefinitely in Turkey and offers residency to the holder’s spouse and dependent children, in accordance with the provisions of the legislation. The Turquoise Card benefits include all the rights associated with the indefinite work permit.

Application Procedures for Work Permit in Turkey

Applications for a work permit can be submitted both domestically and abroad. The process varies depending on the place of application.

Domestic Application

In Turkey, a foreigner must have a residence permit for at least six months to obtain a work permit. The application for a work permit must be submitted by the employer on behalf of the foreigner. The required documents include the employment contract, a copy of the passport, a copy of the diploma or temporary graduation certificate, and certain documents regarding the employer’s workplace.

Application from Abroad

The application is submitted to the embassies or consulates general of the Republic of Turkey in the country where the foreigner is a citizen or legally resides. There, the foreigner is given a 16-digit reference number, and applications are submitted through the E-Permit System with this reference number.

Extension Application

The application for a work permit extension is submitted through the system 60 days prior to the expiration of the work permit, and in any case, before the work permit expires. Applications for extensions after this date are rejected.

Legal Considerations and Assistance

Understanding the legal intricacies of obtaining a work permit in Turkey can be challenging. At the Istanbul Law Office, our team of expert lawyers can assist you throughout the entire process, ensuring a smooth and hassle-free experience. Our English and Turkish speaking team has a proven track record of providing excellent service in all legal matters, including work permit applications.

FAQ Section

Q: Can a foreigner work in Turkey without a work permit?

A: No, it is illegal to work in Turkey without a valid work permit. Violators can face severe penalties.

Q: How long is a temporary work permit valid for?

A: A temporary work permit is issued for a maximum period of one year at the first application. It can be extended for up to two years upon the first application and up to three years for subsequent extension applications.

Q: What rights does a permanent work permit holder have?

A: Holders of a permanent work permit enjoy the same rights as Turkish citizens, without prejudice to their acquired rights concerning social security, except for the provisions of special laws.

Q: Can a foreigner apply for a work permit on their own?

A: In Turkey, the application for a work permit must be submitted by the employer on behalf of the foreigner.

Q: How can I extend my work permit in Turkey?

A: The application for a work permit extension is submitted through the system 60 days prior to the expiration of the work permit, and in any case, before the work permit expires.

Conclusion

Understanding the different types of work permits in Turkey, their requirements, and the application process can be quite complex. With the professional assistance of the Istanbul Law Office’s team of expert Turkish work permit lawyers in Istanbul, you can navigate through this process effortlessly. We are here to assist you every step of the way, ensuring that you comply with all regulations and avoid any potential legal pitfalls. Contact us today for all your work permit needs in Turkey.