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Residence Permit and Work PermitA Comprehensive Guide on Work Permits and Residency in Turkey

Turkey’s vibrant culture, thriving economy, and strategic location make it an attractive destination for both tourists and expatriates alike. For foreigners planning to live and work in Turkey, understanding the legal landscape is crucial. In this guide, we delve into the intricacies of acquiring work and residence permits in Turkey.

I. Understanding the Legal Framework

Before delving into the specifics of acquiring work and residence permits, it’s essential to understand the legal framework governing these processes. Several Turkish laws provide the guidelines for foreigners looking to reside and work in the country. These include:

  • International Labour Force Law no 6735 [^1^]
  • Foreign Direct Investment Law no 4875 [^2^]
  • Law on Foreigners and International Protection Law no 6458 [^3^]
  • Turkish Citizenship Law

These laws outline the requirements and procedures for obtaining work permits and residency. They can be complex and may require professional legal assistance.

II. The Role of a Turkish Work Permit Lawyer

Navigating the legal landscape in Turkey can be complex, especially for foreigners who are not familiar with the country’s laws and regulations. Having a Turkish Work Permit Lawyer by your side can significantly ease the process. These legal professionals specialize in assisting foreigners with work permit and residence permit applications. They guide you throughout the entire process, ensuring all legal requirements are met, and any potential issues are addressed promptly.

III. Applying for a Residence Permit

A residence permit, or “ikamet tezkeresi” in Turkish, is a document that allows a foreigner to legally reside in Turkey for a specified period. The Provincial Directorate of Migration Management in each city issues this permit. In Istanbul, it’s the Istanbul Provincial Directorate of Migration Management.

Who Needs a Residence Permit?

According to the Law on Foreigners’ Residence and Travel, non-Turkish citizens who wish to stay in Turkey beyond their visa period or visa exemption period need to apply for a residence permit. They must do so within one month of entering the country and before they start any job.

How to Apply for a Residence Permit

The application for a residence permit is made online through the website of the Provincial Directorate of Migration Management in each city. After the online application, you will need to submit the necessary documents and attend an interview.

Necessary Documents for a Residence Permit Application

For a successful application, you need the following documents:

  • Residence Permit Application Form
  • Passport or equivalent document
  • Four photos (taken within the last six months with a white background)
  • Declaration of sufficient and regular financial resources for the duration of stay
  • Valid Health Insurance
  • Additional supporting documents based on the type of residence permit applied for

IV. Applying for a Work Permit

A work permit is a document that allows foreigners to work legally in Turkey. The Ministry of Labor and Social Security issues this permit.

Who Needs a Work Permit?

All foreign nationals who wish to work in Turkey, either independently or as an employee, must obtain a work permit. This also applies to foreigners who are undergoing vocational training with an employer.

How to Apply for a Work Permit

Work permit applications must be made through an employer or a business. A foreigner cannot apply for a work permit without an employer. The Ministry of Labor and Social Security takes the applications.

Necessary Documents for a Work Permit Application

Here are the required documents for a work permit application:

  • Work Permit Application Form
  • Passport or equivalent document
  • Four photos (taken within the last six months with a white background)
  • Declaration of sufficient and regular financial resources for the duration of stay
  • Valid Health Insurance
  • Additional supporting documents based on the type of work permit applied for

V. Extending Your Work Permit

If you wish to extend your work permit, you must apply for an extension within 15 days of the expiry of your current permit. Applications for extension made after this period will be treated as first-time applications.

VI. Legal Support from Istanbul Law Office

Navigating the legal framework for work and residence permits in Istanbul can be complex. At Istanbul Law Office, we have a team of expert lawyers who specialize in this field. Our Turkish Work Permit Lawyers in Istanbul provide comprehensive legal support to foreigners seeking to live and work in Istanbul.

Our team of English and Turkish-speaking attorneys is well-versed with the intricacies of Turkish law and has an excellent track record of service. We provide professional legal services in a variety of areas, ensuring that our clients receive the best possible legal assistance.

You can reach out to us through our Contact Page for any legal queries related to your work permit or residence permit applications.

VII. Navigating the Work Permit Landscape

The work permit landscape in Turkey is one that is governed by stringent laws and regulations. The Ministry of Labor and Social Security is the primary body responsible for the issuance of work permits.

Foreigners who intend to work in the Republic of Türkiye must obtain a work permit by applying to the Ministry of Labor and Social Security. These permits may be issued as Temporary, Permanent, and Independent.

VIII. Types of Work Permits

There are several types of work permits available in Turkey. Depending on your situation, you may qualify for one of the following:

  • Temporary Work Permit: Granted for a maximum of one year at the first application, provided that the foreigner works in a specific workplace belonging to a real or legal person or a public institution or an organization.
  • Permanent Work Permit: Foreigners with a long-term residence permit or a legal work permit for at least eight years are eligible to apply for a permanent work permit.
  • Independent Work Permit: Granted to foreigners in professional occupations for a limited period of time, provided that the specific conditions stipulated in other laws are met.

IX. Work Permit Application Procedure

Work permit applications are submitted through the E-Permit System. All applications require the foreign national’s passport, photo, and a copy of the employment contract.

The documents required for each type of application are listed below. The application for a work permit for a foreigner must be submitted by his/her employer.

X. Review of Work Permit Application

The review of the duly completed applications is completed within 30 days provided that the information and documents are complete. The 30-day period starts on the date the application is submitted through the system or, in the case of a request for additional information and documents, on the date the requested information and documents are uploaded through the system.

XI. Special Circumstances Regarding Work Permits

In addition to the above-mentioned work permits, in line with the International Labor Force Policy, it is aimed to issue Turquoise Cards to foreigners whose applications are deemed appropriate by taking into account the foreigner’s level of education, professional experience, contribution to science and technology as well as the impact of the foreigner’s investment on the country’s economy and employment.

XII. FAQ

1. Do I need a work permit to work in Istanbul?

Yes, any foreign national who wishes to work in Istanbul needs to obtain a work permit. This applies to both employees and self-employed individuals.

2. How do I apply for a work permit?

Work permit applications must be made through an employer or a business. A foreigner cannot apply for a work permit without an employer. The Ministry of Labor and Social Security takes the applications.

3. How do I extend my work permit?

If you wish to extend your work permit, you must apply for an extension within 15 days of the expiry of your current permit. Applications for extension made after this period will be treated as first-time applications.

4. Do I need a residence permit to live in Istanbul?

Yes, any non-Turkish citizen wishing to stay in Istanbul beyond their visa period or visa exemption period needs to apply for a residence permit.

5. How do I apply for a residence permit?

The application for a residence permit is made online through the website of the Provincial Directorate of Migration Management in each city. After the online application, you will need to submit the necessary documents and attend an interview.

What to do in case of work permit rejection?

If your work permit application is rejected, it is crucial to understand the reasons behind the decision and take the necessary steps to rectify any issues. If you believe the decision is unjust, you have the option of appealing the decision. This process can be complex, and it is advisable to seek legal assistance. For more information on this process, you can refer to our guide on “Appealing against a Turkish Work Permit Rejection in Istanbul”.

How to renew a Turkish Work Permit?

The renewal of a Turkish work permit involves a similar process to the initial application. You will need to submit an application for an extension within 15 days of the expiry of your current permit. For more detailed information on this process, refer to our guide on “How to Renew Turkish Work Permit”.

Conclusion

Living and working in Istanbul can be a fulfilling and exciting experience. However, the legal procedures involved in acquiring work and residence permits can be complex. At Istanbul Law Office, our team of experienced attorneys can assist you throughout the process, ensuring a smooth transition into your new life in Istanbul. We invite you to contact our law firm for professional legal assistance. We look forward to serving you.